Products made from sheep's wool are warm, light, the body “breathes” in them. From time immemorial sheep dress man. Most wool is obtained from fine-wool sheep - Askanian, Soviet Merino, Altai, Caucasian. When buying lambs worth taking care of choosing the right breed.
In the conditions of central Russia, Soviet merino and Altai sheep are the best "woolen". For the year they cut 5−6 kilograms of wool, while sheep coarse-haired breeds give only 1.5−2 kg.
Wool productivity is laid in animals even in the womb. On the skin of the lamb appear hairs - special horn-like skin formations. However, by the time of birth of the lamb, they do not have time to fully develop, many of them continue to grow after the birth of the baby. Consequently, the sappy uterus lays in its body the future hair production of young stockings, so we must try so that the uterus does not lack nutrients.
In view of this, it is advisable not to buy ready-made lambs for livestock breeding purposes, but to have a uterus and a male, and get the “right” lambs from them.
A lamb will develop normally if you feed about 60 kg of syrupy uterus per day about 1 kg of hay, 0.5 kg of spring straw, 2.5-3 kg of juicy feed (potatoes, beets, rutabaga), 200-300 grams of concentrates.
Sheep should be given salt (preferably in the form of lick) and chalk - in a separate feeder. The daily rate of hay and straw is divided into two feedings. Most of the set for the night, less - in the morning. Young grass, bean hay, carrots, beets, turnips, radish and radishes have a good effect on the growth and quality of wool.
And do not think that a uterus is just a machine for the production of lambs. The animal needs a certain proportion of physical activity. Walk, and even with benefit — in the pasture with the young fresh grass, will provide an invaluable service: the uterus will never suffer from diarrhea, and therefore, lambs in the womb will not suffer from lack of nutrients.
Lambs in the suckling period normally get through the milk enough power, but with two to three weeks of age, they are already accustomed to feeding — 50-100 grams of concentrates (preferably oatmeal or mixture of the oatmeal meal).
When poor feeding lamb hairs cease to grow until the power comes back to normal. So, saving the lamb, the owners obviously doomed to hair loss.
The conditions of detention of adult sheep also have a strong effect on the quality and quantity of wool. Thus, the interruptions in the feeding of much lower quality. In this case, hair grows unevenly, appear bald spots. In these places, the wool as if broken, and the sheep lose it. You need to monitor the room. It should be clean, bright, dry, without draughts.
The wool of fine-wool and half-fine wool breeds is especially appreciated. From it, knitted products turn out equal, graceful. Sheep such sheep once a year - in the spring. These sheep do not shed, but in the spring they often have dry and hard wool. Such wool is difficult to cut, so waiting for some time until a sufficient amount of grease is accumulated in the rune and the wool becomes soft and supple. Rough-haired and semi-coarse-haired sheep are sheared, in addition, also in the autumn, and the Romanovsky sheep - sheepskin-fur-coat - three times a year: in March, early June and September.
Feeding and breeding methods may vary slightly depending on the location of the farm on the latitude. The main thing is to keep an eye out for “the hen that lays the golden eggs,” and then no change in behavior escapes your attention. How to do it? You just have to treat your animals as family members.