The gladioli need 40-45 days after flowering, the corm to gain strength for next year!
This means that after cutting the inflorescences of gladiolus more about that term must stay on a bed and accumulate nutrients for the corms. Unfortunately, many lovers of gardening are not aware of the existence of this rule and inexperience are losing precious grades, allowing you to flower the gladiolus up to the first frosts, and then in emergency mode immediately digging them for storage.
If the corms are dug, not letting them gain strength without peduncle, most likely, next year they won't even sprout. Therefore, based on local climatic conditions, in August to cook gladioli cleaning. For example, if your area of sustainable cold is coming in early October, then dig up gladioli need to be at the end of September. In a median strip harvesting periods are shifting for a couple of weeks, so cleaning the corms can be carried out after the first ten days of October.
I hope this is all clear. Now we need to define the terms "indiscriminate" cutting blossoms, regardless of whether they bloomed or not. To do this, from the expected date of harvesting is taking 40-45 days. For example, in the USA, I cut all flower stems on 1 September and after October 10, begin to harvest. Again, depending on the climatic conditions, these terms can shift, but 40 days for ripening of the tubers is the law that the grower is better not to disturb!
Experienced collectors gladioli is advised to remove dark-coloured (cherry-red, purple) and lavender-blue varieties because they will sooner lose their natural immunity to fungal diseases. In addition, it is recommended to first dig early varieties medium late and then for 40 days on the ageing is low, it is desirable to give them 50 days.
Young not blooming corms are dug later than everyone else to give them more time to accumulate nutrients. Often, new varieties become as big kids, they can only by the end of summer to release flower arrow. If you really really want to see the first flowering or just check out the correct varieties, flower arrow breaks in advance, but not completely, and before the first Bud. Leave it alone on the plant and very soon it will bloom, then it too is removed.
In the presence of an impressive collection of gladioli farming is fairly extensive, time-consuming and important work that one day will not do. To prepare for it in advance, freeing up a day or two from other activities, stocking up boxes and similar containers, signing labels with the names of the varieties. First light (0-2 degrees) autumn frost the gladiolus is absolutely not hurt, lower the temperature slightly damages the leaves. When severe freezing is worse, they synthesize nutrients, and digging will have to hurry. Themselves tubers in the soil will not be affected, but if the expected temperature drop below 5−7 degrees, it is desirable to cover the bed with mulch.
Cleaning it is advisable to proceed in dry warm weather, but if time is running out, the main thing — time to dig out, no matter the rain or the snow. Each gladiolus gently break a shovel, shake the soil over a piece of tape (so the kids are not scattered on the bed) and cut the stems with secateurs or sharp scissors, leaving the corms no more than a stump of 1-2 cm Old corm immediately removed along with the roots, choosing the best children for reproduction. The corms grown from babies, only trim the roots that you would need to remove before landing.After this planting material is washed thoroughly in a solution of potassium permanganate, or one of the fungicides.
From the scales of the corms in the fall are not clear, except a couple off the top. Each variety is put in a separate box to dry and placed in a very warm place (25-30 °C but not below 20°C) for the first two weeks. Then they dried up about 1 month at a temperature of 20-22°C. After complete drying of the tubers are laid for storage in the linen bags or boxes with the name of varieties and store in a cool dry place (optimally 5-10 °C). It can be dry cellar, where there are rodents, bottom shelf of the refrigerator, utility non-residential premises, etc.
Monthly in the process of storing corms, you need to inspect to find the sick in time. If they become damp and become mildew, they are put on dry in a warm place for a few days, after which they are placed again in the vault.
Gladiolus year-round requires attention and care by the florist. Love it, and you will never change — will be to please every gorgeous graceful flower, it is no wonder it is considered a symbol of loyalty and honour!